Royal Army Service Corps
Negotiations with our NATO ally were started in and an agreement, reached in six months, permitted use of port facilities, storage depots, spaces for depots, airfields, and transportation rights on French roads and rail lines to West Germany. It is responsible for accurately paying America's 2. Headquarters, Communications Zone, July
How the Pentagon’s payroll quagmire traps America’s soldiers
We do not permit any other person to use your username and do not permit your username to be made available to multiple users. In our insane society, it was trashed. Lt Col James A. I would appreciate any info on Harry Weeks or just about his unit, no 2 or no motorboat company. There are many ranges for all Army weapons, except the medium and heavy antiaircraft artillery.
He came home in various trucks,Chevrolets,Dodges etc. As I said he was mostly based in Cornwall,he thought it was the most wonderful place,his stories were full of names like Taunton,Truro,Bodmin,Penzance,Falmouth etc. When he was demobbed,-and after all that effort,he was awarded three medals,Victory;War,and the TA; he "didn't qualify" for the ''45 Star,as he didn't serve abroad! Parkinson Add to this record. He was born in so may only have been 21 when he died.
The few pieces of information I have attempted to cobble together surrounding the circumstances of his death illustrate what a dire situation he and his fellow soldiers were left in after the evacuation.
The only saving grace is that he did not suffer as a POW at the hands of the enemy. Adrienne Wood Add to this record. C Powell Add to this record.
Since my grandmother destroyed all of his papers, cards, medals etc. I would be interested in hearing from anyone, who may have known him. I know he fought in the two Battles of El Alamein and later went to Normandy. At some point he assisted in the attack on Italy and battled on a hill near a small village.
He later was part of the liberation of Belsen Concentration camp. After the war he lived in Croydon and was a father to two children, my father and his brother. Jennifer Skaalen Add to this record. Henry William Barham A. I am trying to trace any information about my father who was serving with A.
M Transport Company R. I have a photograph of the company's officers taken at this time with all the officers named. I would like to know what this unit did during the war and where did it perform its duties? I do not know when he joined the army. At some point he had been a Corporal in the H. I know that he survived the war. Unfortunately, he left my Mother before being demobbed and after they were divorced he lived in Dorking, Surrey. I would be very grateful for any information which I can follow up.
Jeremy Barham Add to this record. He was allegedly buried in the garden of this house by the Alexander family who were Naturalised Americans at that time and not in the war so the German Occupying Forces could not enter the house. This account of his death conflicts with a claim by a soldier that my brother died, along with three others called Dunn No , McCurrach and Shiner , having been bombed. It was suggested that the bodies were 'dug out' but no one has categorically confirmed that my brother was one of the dead.
I have a letter from another source in which the writer tells me that the soldier who died in the cellar bore the identification tags with the name George Hodgson. There is no other George Hodgson buried in Suda Bay British Military Cemetery and the story is that my brother's remains were re-interred there after the war.
If anyone has any information about this, I would be eternally grateful. Hodgson Add to this record. He says he was part of the 8th Army. He was a truck driver who also boxed a bit but was not overly good.
He was in Cairo, Tobruk and a few places in between. His truck was hit by a bomb and he was badly injured. He says he only survived due to a couple of Irish guys from Dublin pulling him out of the wreckage. He would love to hear from them or anybody who knew them. He wished he could have seen them since the war. He was medically discharged in after going through a number of hospitals. He and I would be very grateful if anybody could help us with information or photos of his unit or friends or get in touch if they knew him Jamie Bennett Add to this record.
Janes Hercules "Jerry" Sossick 27 A. The story that I remember was that his Manager had joined and so he thought he had better as well. He was placed in 27 A. The story according to my Mother continues that he went away on a weeks camp and didn't come home again. While on the beach waiting in the water he heard that there was a destroyer tied up to a jetty further along the beach. He and his mates decided to try their luck and left the queue they were in.
They found the destroyer and got a lift home. My Mother said she went down to Aldershot to find him and said he was in such a state, dirty and covered in salt, that she did not recognize him, but only Dad "walked in that way". Back here he was down in Wales, Hampshire and Sussex and often came home in the evenings or at weekends. In he landed in North Africa and in was in Italy. He was a Mech.
Staff Sergeant and heavily involved in keeping the Army vehicles on the move. His letters constantly say how hard they were working and the long hours that were spent in the workshops and out on the roads. He arrived back in England in October and he was released into the Reserve in January I am just sorting everything that my parents have left me and I am sure there is a lot of information there. I have something like letters that my Mother received and I have my dad's Army documents, his medals and the shoulder flashes he wore at various times.
Also there are many photos. Sossick Add to this record. Any additional information would be greatly appreciated. Mike Bryce Add to this record. Coley who took him on the back of a motorbike, both covered in mud, just after the D-Day landings in a small village in France. Emma Add to this record. I know he was a Corporal in aged 24yrs. Jane-Louise Moore Add to this record. They were stationed near Metz in June This group did not move with the 51st when they left the Metz area on about the 29th May but were ordered to remain in Metz until ordered to leave by train on 13th June bound for St Nazaire.
After 3 days the train had only got as far as Vesoul on the 17th June. Some 80 of these men led by 2nd Lt K Gough my father eventually found their way to the Swiss border on 23rd June having walked for 6 days. They were interned in Switzerland. I have the original diary of the journey and would like to find any further information concerning the journey and identify any survivors or relatives R Gough.
Add to this record. He loved to talk about the war, but only selectively. He joined up a day or two before the War started in Redhill, Surrey, went to France with the British Expeditionary Force, and was posted missing at the time of the Dunkirk evacuation.
In fact, he returned home safely, some days later, from another port further to the west. I don't know which one. He didn't talk much about France, although I remember him telling me how a comrade once saw a pretty French girl walking by and announced, loudly, what he'd like to do to her, whereupon the girl turned around and said, in impeccable English, 'Would you really?
I know he was promoted, eventually to Sergeant. I'm not sure that he made any friends. In later life he certainly never met with anyone from the wartime period, but then he was a loner. From North Africa he went to Sicily, and made his way slowly north as the advance continued.
He spoke many times of seeing Vesuvius erupt in , and of visiting the ruins of Pompeii. After the war ended he was for a time in Milan. I only know that because he often spoke of visiting La Scala to see the opera. He came home by ship, crossing Biscay in a storm. His war years were, I suspect, the happiest of his life.
He liked Army discipline and routine, he rarely saw action, and he enjoyed the rugged lifestyle - having been raised under a single mother's thumb. I would love to find out more about his experiences. When I was in my teens he occasionally let slip little details of a soldier's life.
The outfit's first casualty was a dispatch rider who was caught by a shell fragment which sliced the top of his head off and scooped out his brains; he told me of the bar in a brothel where the guys not him took turns to visit a particularly attractive girl. He also told me many times about the aerial attack during which he fell to the ground, looked up and saw a bomb coming towards him.
It struck the branch of a tree and was deflected. After the explosion he reached out and touched the side of the crater. Untill his death he used an ash-tray constructed from a shell base with a piece of shrapnel from that bomb soldered into it.
He struggled to re-adjust to civilian life. Alan Wilkinson Add to this record. He called himself Martin Sidney Wilson after the immigration officer who asked him what name he would like. He was German originally had been a decorated German field officer in WW1.
I know that he secured ausweiss for his two children and they came on a kindertransport to the UK with help from the Society of Friends Quakers in They lived in an orphanage until my grandparents found them late in Times were rough for many in those far flung days. Does anyone know of my grandfather or know where I can find out any information about him?
Any help is much appreciated. Erica Jones Add to this record. It covers the Company's time in Europe from their leaving England to April , where it stops suddenly, giving the impression that the final pages are missing. It belonged to my father and I have transcribed all that I have, finding it very interesting reading. If anyone has a complete copy I would really appreciate them sharing it with me. Carolyn Parker Add to this record.
The local story is that he was a PoW on a ship which was accidentally sunk by the Allies as it was not marked as a hospital ship. This would presumably be in the Mediterranean on 15 Feb but I can't find such a ship among the list of those lost. If anyone can direct me to some sources, I would be very grateful then we can record more about Sid Matthews, if it was him involved in this incident.
Jacqueline Cooper Add to this record. Sadly he passed away in Now, following my mother's death, I was clearing out her house and came across his medals, one of which has an oak leaf attached to the ribbon. He never talked much about his wartime experiences and the medals were always tucked away in a drawer.
I would appreciate any information anyone could provide me with so I can fill in the gaps in his life. There are some old photos of him in uniform, one riding an Army motorbike, but they are now quite faded. If anyone can help me with any information, I'll be so grateful.
Graham Jones Add to this record. Then he was forced along with the whole British army to leave France via Dunkirk. Dad described the scene and told how the little boats that came across to rescue the trapped army back to England. Then had to jump onto a slow moving boat in windy bumpy conditions to get home. His team would collect and receive the broken down vehicles and tanks and blown up tanks and have to get them back on the road. This was a messy job to clean away the human remains and refit the tanks for action.
Nijmegen was part of operation Market Garden assault that was the largest airborne operation of all time. The operation plan's strategic context required the seizure of bridges across the Maas Meuse River and two arms of the Rhine the Waal and the Lower Rhine as well as several smaller canals and tributaries. The REME were there to ensure the tanks and vehicles were constantly refurbished when damaged. Dad met Mum on one of his leave of duty and soon a romance was started.
They married in Blantyre, Scotland. Dad continued in the War until VE day. Barrie Francis Add to this record. Ralph Kent Green Petrol Coy. He seems to have moved around a bit during his war service. Ralph Kent Green my uncle is back row, 5th from the left taken by a photographer from Cornwall possibly just after the return from Dunkirk. On he went to N. Africa, which was the staging area for troops going to Italy. We think he may have been assigned to the 8th Army as part of Operation Baytown.
The words "Syrencote House, Bulford, Salisbury, Wilt," are scribbled on his record, so he may have spent time there as well. On he went by plane to Brussels, Belgium, which was the tactical headquarters for the 6th Airborne for Operation Varsity and Rhine Crossing. After that he returned to the 6th Airborne. What I remember best about him were my grandmother's stories that had nothing to do with his war service. Apparently he had a trick gullet and could down a beer by simply pouring it directly into his stomach!
It seems that gave him a considerable advantage in beer drinking races held along local beaches. At some point Kent contracted TB, and was in hospital after the war and he died in I would love to hear from anyone who knew him or served in any of the same units.
Barbara Kent Lawrence Add to this record. Stanley Lambert Coy. I don't know which beach he landed at, think it was Gold. He also drove the ammunition truck to Arnhem. He was reproted missing believed killed in Dec. He told me they could hear the Germans talking and took one of their jeeps and were able to get back to their units. I am trying to find out exactly what my father did in the war, all I know is he was a driver with the RASC B section company.
Carole Neville Add to this record. He was born in and came from Exeter. I do not have a lot of info except that he spent approx. Interestingly, on waiting to be taken back home at the end of the war, he gave up his seat on the plane to a younger man and that plane crashed and everyone was killed. This is family information that I have been given. The plane crash story was mentioned in the local paper of the time, the "Express And Echo".
Any information about him would be useful. Ancestry lists the following information regarding E. POW Number , Camp: Steve Add to this record.
He was involved in the planning of Operation Torch, and is mentioned in a few letters as being used to carry top secret documents. After landing in North Africa he then took part in the Sicily operations and then landed in Italy. In he moved onto Rome and was eventually demobbed in If anyone recalls Ted Hann, I would like to get in touch. Kevin Hann Add to this record. He served at Arborfield Barracks Bordon, Hampshire in the trade of armourer.
He obtained his Lance Corporal stripe whilst there. Dad was very proud of him and his progress. But the next time he came home on leave to Omagh Barracks he was without his stripe. As soon as my Dad noticed his jacket without the stripe hanging on the kitchen door hook, he asked Peter what happened for him to have lost his stripe.
Without waiting for an answer, my Dad had Peter incarcerated in the Guardroom for the rest of his leave until it was time for Peter to return to Bordon. Peter was enroute for the 8th Army, when his ship was diverted to Cape Town where it was revittled, before proceeding to Bombay, India, he was involved in amphibious landing training at Karaqwasla Lake in Maharashtra State, before going in to Burma. Does anyone remember my brother and this period of his service?
He sent home some pictures taken in Rangoon after it was liberated from the Japanese. He also had a picture of him with an Australian type hat with the right hand brim turned up vertically. Meagher Add to this record. He did his officer training at Clifton College and I have photographs of him with his platoon on the back of which is stamped '29th Station Transport Company'. He served in North Africa, Italy and Germany - and I think he was at Belsen at some time as it was clearly a scarring memory.
I know little about his wartime service and would love to know more. Does anyone recall him? David Tucker Add to this record. He never talked about his time there and now has sadly passed away. As his eldest son I am very interested in piecing together what happened between Dunkirk and Stalag , and who may have known him during his time there. My father had a serious stomach wound which I believe was a result of a bayonet wounding around the time of the liberation of the camp.
I hope this incident and his name may ring a few bells with someone. Keith Cheese Add to this record. Following this he served with 7th Armoured Divn. After the war he was promoted to Staff Sgt. He was wounded and badly burned when a tanker he was driving was hit by shell in Ghent and blew up. He was attached to 21st Army group. Any info would be appreciated. Terry Redpath Add to this record. I took all these details from an envelope of a letter posted to Joseph in June If anyone knew him and can tell me anything about his time in Stalag , I would love to hear it.
Jane Colclough Add to this record. He didn't tell my Dad much about his service other than he was captured in Crete in , after crashing off a cliff in the ambulance he was driving and was then held in Stalag VIIIB. He told my brother that Douglas Bader was there when he arrived. Does anyone have any information or photos they could share? Apparently he used to have a group photo of the butchers holding up joints of meat but I'm not sure what happened to it.
I am waiting on his service records but they have advised a month wait. He doesn't show up on a search of the POW records on Ancestry not sure if there is any particular reason for this? Suzy Slight Add to this record. He recounts his journeys, work and leisure activities throughout and , and mentions the names of many colleagues.
He has also left many photographs. My dear wife greeted me with a kiss, and then gave me a letter, on the top was "O. Travel warrant is enclosed. It was very hard and I was scared stiff for I thought I might not be coming back.
I went to the station and caught the train. Two more lads got in the same camage as I did and they were both going to Warwick to join the R. He took us outside the station onto the road. There were about twelve of us and he told us to get into threes.
He then marched us up to the barracks. What a Shambles it was: We could see people laughing at us. We reached Budbrook Barracks and were taken into a barrack room. After about 15 minutes a Sgt. I am Sgt Harvey and I am going to train you for the next month. You do as I tell you and we will get on well together. Don't let me down! The next day we were told we had to go and see the doctor and have the needle for TB. Monday moming came and at 7. We had porridge, sausage, bacon, one slice of bread and a mug of tea.
One month went by and it had been very hard foot slogging and rifle drill. On the Monday morning we were told to parade on the parade ground to be ready for the Passing-out Parade. We came out of that very well. Our Sgt was very pleased with us. After dinner, Maurice Hides, also from Sheffield, and I went for a walk into Warwick for a pint or two of beer.
The next morning we had to parade in our own section. Ours was 'B' section. The captain told us that some were to draw winter kit and others summer kit for the Far East. We were the ones who had to draw summer kit I then had a 48hr pass to go home. How nice it was to see my wife, Ivy and the kiddies.
How good it was to have some good food, and not have an officer come round and ask if there were any complaints. My 48hrs went very quickly, I had to say my good-byes over again and catch the train back to Warwick. After our month's training we left Warwick and went down to Tidworth in Wiltshire. It is a base supply depot. It is also a garrison town for married soldiers, officers and military police.
We had to salute an officer every time we passed one or we would be put on a charge. The next day we were taken to the bakery to meet the C. He said 'You are now going to show me how you can mix dough. He then said, 'Right! Put your salt and water in and get mixing.
It wasn't too bad for me as I had mixed by hand in Civvy Street. Some of the lads had only mixed by machine and they found it very hard. Mr Brown came looking at us. When he came up to me he said, 'Right, Pte Dukes, that's good. Let me see you mould a cob. Some of the lads were about a week before they passed. Our time was then spent in doing work in the bakehouse. After about a month we were split up into field bakeries. I was put in the 31st Field Bakery.
I knew then that I was going to be moved. The next day we got into Army lorries and we were on our way to Bourn in Cambridgeshire. This turned to be a very nice little country village. The bakery was in the grounds of Bourn Hall. We were split into four sections. I was in No. We were taken to our billet, a nice little cottage. We had to sleep on the floor. The only lights were candles and there was no fire, only one paraffin stove.
We had three mobile ovens and each one had two decks and was coke fired. We worked in a large Nissan hut, which had three troughs on each side and a large table in the middle.
Three of us would mix two doughs of 20 stones each, by hand. When it was ready it would be cut out, put onto the table, weighed into 2lb pieces, moulded into cobs and put six on a tray to rise. When it had risen the oven man would put it into the oven. Week one we would do night work. Week two, we stacked the flour after delivery, cleaned the camp and did guard duty. Week three was day work in the bakery. At night, Tich Hides, Freddie Hamer and I would go down to the canteen for a game of bingo or table-tennis.
We would have a cup of tea and an apple pie for 3d three old pence. Sometimes, we would go to the pub for a pint or two. Sometimes on a Saturday, Fred and I would get a day pass and go into Cambridge. One Saturday a Red Cap stopped us and asked for our passes. We gave them to him and he asked where we were from. When we told him that was the 31st Field Bakery at Bourn, he said, 'Its you who makes that rotten bread!
One day our Sgt came to the cottage and told us we had to move out as an officer was moving in. We were put in a farmhouse with a stone floor and no windows. The smell was terrible and the farmer had about pigs. One day, two of the lads got hold of a piglet, tied its feet together and put it into a soldier's bed. He gave such a yell when he got into bed in the dark. Two of the lads used to do little jobs for the farmer and we used to see them going to the post office with big parcels.
We found out that it was lumps of pork they were sending home. The farmer did not know. The 83rd Field Mobile Bakery. I'm on the 2nd row up 4th from the right. We are on the move again, and this time into Monmouthshire. We are at a small village called Bedews, right at that top of a high hill in Rupera Castle.
The lad in the next bed is called Len Andrews. We had nothing to do one day so we went for a walk into Caerphilly, which is about a mile away. It is very boring here in Rupera Castle just doing guard duty and waiting to be put into Field Bakeries. The day came when we were told that we are going to be made into the 83rd Field Mobile Bakery. Yesterday, we were called out to meet our new Captain Bidwell and the C.
Today we are off on the road to Louth in Lincolnshire. When we got there we stopped outside a school which had been taken over as a billet for us. Inside there were four rooms. One small room for the Sgt's Mess, a large room for our mess and two other rooms, each with six double bunk beds. Len and I took over our bed and I told him that he was on top as he was younger than I was. It was two days before the machinery came. This consisted of 3 double deck ovens, one 20 stone mixer, one dough divider and six troughs.
All of them are on trailers. They were taken up the road into a field. We had to put up the tents and a big marquee ready to start work the next day. The orders went up after tea to tell our starting times, Len and I were down to start at 8. LICpl Brown and four other lads came in at Len and I feed the dough into the divider and it comes out in 2lb pieces.
It is then moulded and goes down a chute to two lads below who put six onto a tray and then put them on a rack. He has a lad to help him. When it is baked it is taken into a tent ready to be loaded onto trucks to be distributed to other units, including the RAF at Manby. When we are finished dough mixing we go back to the billet and wake up the 4.
We are baking about 30,lbs of bread a day Last night, Len and I were on guard duty at the bakery from 6. I went across to one of the cottages and asked the little old lady if she would boil some water for us to make a cup of tea.
She asked me in while it was boiling. I only had a bucket because we got water from the tank in which we boiled the water for the dough. She lent me a teapot and asked me to bring it back in the morning.
I was off this morning so I took the teapot back and thanked the lady. She invited me in for a cup of coffee and a bun. I went in and sat down by the fire and stayed for about an hour.
When I said that I had better go and write a letter home she said that any time I wanted to write in comfort I could go to her house. I will take her up on that! She is about 80yrs old and her name is Mrs Elizabeth Baker - the very same name as my Mother's maiden name. I did meet her daughter who was about 60yrs old. When we are not baking we have odd jobs to do around the bakery or we do rifle drill. Our section Sgt is Bill Kennedy.
He is OK as he doesn't bother us much. Occasionally, one of the Sgts gets a dance together at Louth Town Hall. He usually asks Len and me to take the money at the door. Some of our lads get in free! There are lads From other units and from the RAF. We get our beer money out of it.
The building and maintaining of this vast military supply line through a foreign nation has been a delicate affair and full of potential pitfalls. That it has worked out is is credit to both the French authorites and the United States Army.
Kernan first picked up the reins of the infantile Services of Supply in Each has contributed his share of progressive techniques and procedures upon which the present vast supply operation was nurtured and developed.
Harbord, Lt Gen John C. Lee, Brig Gen Mason J. Young, Lt Gen S. Gallagher all now retired ; Lt Gen Robert W. Army in Europe today has the world's finest supply system is a credit to all of these men. The progress of the Communications Zone is a history in itself. The men and women of the command know why they are here and what they are doing.
They believe in progress. Their desire to help maintain the security of the world's free nations is symbolized in the modern, proficient, and forward-looking military operation known as the United States Army, Europe Rear Communications Zone.
Soldier in France Source: Building for Peace - online. Headquarters, Communications Zone, July Original modified by Walter Elkins webmaster. Working title of the book: The Cold War Lifeline in France to David is very interested in hearing from veterans and family members of US Army and Air Force units stationed in France during that period or anyone else who was involved with the line of communications mission in Europe during that timeframe, such as US and Local National civilians working for the military or Labor Service members who were assigned to units in France.
GI slang in France Volume Two: GIs who remain in France forever WWI and WWII cemeteries Input from military and civilian personnel and their dependents who served in France during the time frame is still very much appreciated. While serving as a captain with the 5th Special Forces Group Airborne in Vietnam in , I applied for inter-theater transfer to Europe for family reasons and to avoid a quick turnaround to Vietnam.
The Army approved that. I received these instructions or the ensuing orders while on an operation in a Special Forces camp near the Cambodian border in September I had read something about that in the Stars and Stripes. Having departed RVN, I found myself back in "the world" and reunited with my German-born wife and our two children. Even though it was Veterans Day, I wanted to let them know that I was "in-country" and ask them what to do.
This van-mounted computer was the first experiment in automating combat support function in artillery, surveillance, logistics and battlefield administration. The duty officer was flummoxed by my orders and asked if the orders were classified. After a struggle with the blasted housing office, my wife and I landed a small, two-bedroom, but nice, Army stairwell apartment in the Kreuzberg Kaserne with a great view of the city.
Note that this is only six months before the deadline to be out of France. I soon drove to France and Verdun to check in and get started. This was in late November or early December Given my interest in military history, it was a melancholy thing for me to drive over ground marched over and soaked in blood in , and In Verdun, I swear I could hear moaning from the dead lying in Douaumont over the despicable decision of the French government to pull out of the military side of NATO where France remains to this day, a fact unknown and unappreciated by most Americans.
Thus organizations and units had not been able to complete much planning due to the lack of "troop leading time" offered by La Grand Charles. The plan was that Headquarters, U. Supplies in the depots were to be moved in an orderly fashion all over the place, including the UK.
However, working for this man became very unpleasant. Things went downhill beginning on Christmas Eve very important evening for Germans and my family when he called me at home with some nonsense concern about something. Later, after discussions with my wife and before I got into trouble, I asked to work in Verdun and commute home on weekends. Then I could avoid trouble, learn my job of which I knew zippo before the move, and be "ready for combat" when April 1 rolled around.
The division chief approved my request. Avold, directly through the major city of Metz, France, close by one main battlefield of the Franco-Prussian War at Metz, and through numerous small towns straddling the highway. On my way back to Germany on Fridays, I would stop in some French grocery store along the way and buy a few bottles of wine for a couple of New Francs 3 that my wife and I could enjoy in Germany.
One vivid remembrance of that trip was that the border towns on the German side looked much better and cleaner than those on the French side. Also during this period I saw a steady stream of G. I heard all the problems in staff meetings. During the months just prior to April 1, , as move operations intensified, the tension level in the organization went out of sight for at least two reasons.
First, the impending move would involve the families and children of Army officers and senior enlisted men, together with the motley group of U. Remember, some of these U. With their French wives, some were more French than American by this time, and Germany was anathema. This conversion to a new set of programs called CS4 as I recall and IBM computers could not have been more poorly timed due to the "minor" inconvenience of the relocation.
So between searching for quarters and schools while trying to keep the organization operating in support of the entire Army in Europe, we were conducting a pitiful training program for the new system. During my months in Verdun, I learned that in my position in the Document Processing Branch I was a major user of the computer system and very dependent upon it. The goal was one cycle per day. I will tell you later about the abject grief we experienced after the move and the conversion.
Of course, there would have to be a rail siding near the new place. This was not done to make the computers and peripherals mobile! Au contraire , this was to be a temporary set up to be used until the new IBM computers could be installed in a fixed service center. I visited the site once or twice. One contained the computer s and operator's console; another contained the tape drives; others had supporting equipment such as card sorters and workspace. One contained large kilowatt backup generators.
There probably was a transceiver station there as well although I do not know how transceiver traffic reached the train. The "computer on a train" and a gaggle of computer programmers were set up at the U. The programmers were in a rail-side warehouse converted into workspace.
Input and output in the form of punched cards and printouts had to be transported by a messenger i. Yes, we had cardpunch machines. This turned out to be a hard row to hoe. We all helped to get the trash out and sweep the place down before making our way to Germany. It was bittersweet having to depart France under such conditions.
The IBM computers remained in the building. Rumor had it that the Army was to ship them to Vietnam where, alas, I would hear of them again in the 1st Logistical Command's lash-up.
The plan to ship supplies and equipment in storage to new locations in an orderly and controlled fashion was not succeeding. So just before the deadline to be out of France, someone made a decision to have the depots in France ship materiel on their own according to generalized guidance, e.
The new plan called for "post-posting" shipments to the computer file after the fact, an OK, but dangerous, procedure. Rumor had it that someone lost a box or two of punched cards 2, per box and one card could represent a large amount of a given item.
The cards never got to the computer meaning the accountable records on the computer files were not updated. It took a very long time for "K-town" to sort through the pile and figure out what it had. In turn, these caused beaucoup problems for years in accounting for stock and in the combat readiness of units. One notorious problem occurred when we made a shipment of supplies by rail to a long-gone customer in Paris! The whole system failed on this including the dunces at the depot who shipped the supplies.
I remember getting a call from our embassy on this fiasco. Using specially written data processing routines, they had the computer files stripped of all records with codes indicating units and supplies in France.
This "meat axe" solution resulted in more loss of control and accountability. More importantly, we caused many problems for our thousands of Army and foreign military customers. Another interesting problem I remember was the loss of an Army tug boat when it sank in the English Channel!
You see, that part of the Army's marine fleet in French ports had to be moved and at least some of it went to the United Kingdom. We heard about it when the Report of Survey i. Shortly after the move, another colonel showed up to take over the Stock Control Division.
Colonel McDonald moved to the one of the commodity divisions. Incidentally, I had served in one of that battalion's predecessor units a few years earlier when I met my wife. Colonel Frago walked into a set of problems i. He struggled long and hard to get things straightened out. Colonel Frago and I got along well and he coached me quite a bit on the job and with respect to my career.
We are in contact to this day even though he lives on the "left" coast and I on the east coast. After some time passed, some of the lower ranking French employees began drifting back to France.
The higher paid French employees tended to remain in their jobs. We had to hire Germans to do our mostly clerical jobs in Stock Control. The pickings were slim. Few of them spoke English and we had to start them from scratch.
Due to the German labor laws, they had German holidays off and worked on our holidays. This caused problems when the holidays did not coincide. Then on Corpus Christy Day, for example, the Germans were off and we worked. The lack of good clerical employees to interact with the computers contributed to the problems we had.
I used to complain to the GAO to no avail that we had a million dollar computer system and ten cent help. It would have been great to be able to hire some of those smart and well-educated auditors to do the work. By and large these were good people and with the better DACs, they held the organization together during this very difficult period. I remember a particularly good DAC, Irv Burch, who worked on policy matters related to the computer system.
When in doubt, call Irv. Jack Smart was the DAC in charge of the data processing division. Smart had a terrific problem to overcome and he took a lot of heat. I had some very smart and good NCOs in the branch and a set of new lieutenants who rose to the occasion. We worked hard, did our best, and also took a lot of heat from customers and supply managers over this and that.
We made a good social life and had some fun too. Mistakes turned into Redlines. In those days before real time processing and online cathode ray tube workstations, we could not see into the computer files nor work on a real-time basis. We interacted mainly by punched card.
Our High Priority Section could not meet the standards because the computer system was not always available nor was it responsive or accurate. It was a lose-lose situation between the computer people and us. I learned there that I could not count on a computer programmer to do what I asked or needed.
But that's another story. We had a lot of trouble with this too. I think at the beginning of the conversion a month passed without a cycle. That was, for example, , supply requisitions waiting to be processed. Later, we would be lucky to be running one cycle a week. Our lament at the time was, "We are dead in the water. Moreover, I saw the end of an era in France. My last contact was by telephone in when I returned to Germany for an assignment in the 3rd Armored Division and called my old colleague Irv Burch just to say hello.
Sometime later I learned that he passed away. I visited Kreuzberg Kaserne in just to look around when I was visiting Germany to attend a son's wedding. By that time I had checked out of the net i. Here are some closing comments. The Army did not get everything out of the France in time! Months after April 1, , I had to detail one of my lieutenants to an Army ammunition depot or supply point way down in the southwest corner of France at Captieux I think.
There, Class V supplies were still being shipped out in late or early How many other situations like this came up? I will bet that if we look closely enough, we would find something in France this very day! It was the height of the Cold War and the middle our own war in the former Indochine.
Nevertheless, he pulled France's military forces out of the deal and kicked us out of his country. Talk about having your cake and eating it too. And the French are still doing it to us today--witness Iraq. The project is a major effort of the US Army Materiel Command geared toward giving the battlefield commander the tool of automation as an aid in decision-making. The Compiler is the first of its type developed for use with military equipment in tactical units of the field army.
Com Z Cadence , Oct 3, 1. Com Z Cadence , Oct 2, 1. Comz Cadence , Nov 27, Spratley, was the first editor of the Com Z newspaper. See article on Page 2, Oct 2 issue. Army Information Digest, December Delivering supplies, weapons and administrative services to US Forces across Europe is the task of U.
Each month convoys and solo runs of the 37th roll up over three million miles in thousands of runs, delivering goods wherever U. Nazaire on France's Atlantic coast, the 37th's tractor-trailers haul everything from medical supplies to missile parts, through miles of cross-country routes and their offshoots, to combat-ready troops in Germany.
This unique method has appreciably lowered shipping time; it has done away with costly unloading of material into and out of ships holds, and cut pilferage almost to the vanishing point. The technique ties in perfectly with the 37th's relay delivery system. Com Z History Project M.
If anyone has corrections or additional details, I would like to hear from them. The Com Z Shoulder Patch. The "Lifeline to the Frontline" shoulder patch has recently been reinstated as the Communications Zone shoulder patch. The patch was originally worn by members of Com Z between and Introduction to the history of the whole LOC through France: The th was redesignated th Headquarters Group and assigned directly to the ComZ. All units previously assigned or attached to the th were now reassigned or reattached to ComZ.
Almost all of these installations remained in Class II status during the rest of the year and were therefore under the direct control of the chief of EUCOM technical service concerned rather than ComZ Class I status- installation under direct ComZ control. A piece of artillery without shells is nothing but junk. A tank without gasoline or oil cannot move. In many an action during past wars, armies have lost the chance of victory because vital supplies had been expended and new supplies had not yet reached the front.
In order to fight, men must have food and clothing, weapons and ammunition. One of the most critical situations that can arise in armed conflict is when a commander finds his supply lines broken. Let us look for a moment at the situation of our American Forces in Europe -- where they are, why they are here, and how they, are supplied.
It will be to your advantage, naturally, to know something about the nature and purpose of COM Z, the events leading up to its establishment, and its remarkable accomplishments.
It is equally unportant to know something about the country in which it is located. You should know, for instance, that although Paris is French, it is not "France. One of the most popular music hall ballads of this century calls her "reine du monde" -- queen of the world. She is also known as the City of Light and if, some evening, you look down from Montmartre to the Place de la Concorde, you will understand why. You should know that there is only one Paris, just as there is only one New York or Hollywood, because you will find, during your travels, that other cities -- Bordeaux, for instance, or La Rochelle or Marseille or Verdun -- are not condensed versions of Paris, but have an individuality, a personality and a character all their own.
Take Verdun, for example. Verdun is a symbol of French military courage. As one of the fortress cities guarding France's eastern front in World War I, she won everlasting glory through a stubborn and successful resistance against wave after wave of the best German shock troops, and , French soldiers gave their lives to fulfill her martial slogan -- "they shall not pass!
Orleans, a quiet town in the now peaceful Loire valley, has another claim upon our interest. Here Joan of Arc broke the English seige of this Loire stronghold and began her triumphant campaign to restore the French throne to France.
But the roots of Orleans go still deeper than 15th Century history. It was a well-known trading post in Roman times. It led a revolt against Julius Caesar 52 years before Christ was born. Attila, the Hun, tried to capture it in -- and was defeated by its stout-hearted citizens.
Orleans is the site of COM Z headquarters. Wherever you go in France, past history rises up to capture your interest and stimulate your imagination. Poitiers, where years ago, Mohammedan armies were halted in their march through western Europe; La Rochelle, the little harbor that for centuries has sheltered courageous fishermen and explorers; Bordeaux, center of a great wine-growing country and of gracious living.
The list is endless. If Communism cannot win by its customary intrigue, subversion and trickery, it will be quite willing to use armed force-particularly its stooge armiesto gain its ends, even at the risk of another world war. When the Communists' purposes began to be clear to the free world, steps were taken to halt further aggression. The Communist world, behind its iron curtain, is arrayed in a semicircle that stretches down through the Balkans.
Germany is at the center of this arc. It established the European military force of which we are a part. Because this bulletin is concerned only with the USAREUR Communications Zone, a description of the elaborate organization set up to meet the defensive needs of the Atlantic Pact nations is not necessary here. Its mission is to support that Army, the bulk of whose combat forces are in Germany. Bremerhaven, with its excellent port facilities and lines of communications to the south, across the flat plains of North Germany, was quite adequate for our needs in times of peace, or when no apparent threat from the East existed.
But these flat plains, with no mountain barriers to protect them, have from the earliest times been the natural route of invaders from the East, who swept across them through the Low Countries Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg to the sea, where they could control Atlantic seaports. The Bremerhaven supply line to our forces in Germany is right in the path of these historic invasions.
It is a long line and a thin one, and it could easily be cut in the event of a strong attack from the East. The Communist blockade of Berlin in , which was defeated only by the magnificent Berlin Air Lift operated around-theclock by American and British airmen, made clear the necessity for larger supply channels and alternate routes of supply. In November , when Soviet activities made it apparent that Communist pressure would relentlessly continue against the West, the French and American governments reached an agreement under which the United States is permitted to organize and maintain a line of communications LOC in France.
This line of communications is COM Z. A defense force such as ours must naturally be stationed as near to the zone of threatened attack as possible. Since -- or even before that yea -r -the only threat to the free European nations has been from the East, from behind the Iron Curtain countries. This, in turn, has required strong defense forces in Germany.
It must also be pointed out that the new German Federal Republic, without any means of defending itself, and at a time when it was struggling to win back its economic health, was faced with another threat --from East Germany. For contractual purposes, you agree to receive communications from us electronically and you agree that all agreements, notices, disclosures and other communications that we provide to you electronically satisfy any legal requirement that such communications be in writing.
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Iamges: dating someone in the army reserves
In other cases, too, deserters have continued to be paid for months, and sometimes years, after disappearing. From there the supplies are shipped to widely separated depots in France and Germany for storage and issue to troops.
The only lights were candles and there was no fire, only one paraffin stove. Any action taken as a result of information, analysis, or advertisement on this site is ultimately the responsibility of the reader. Park ALL wheeled trucks since they cannot leave roads where land mines wait.
Tough way to get it, though. Rwserves the Iraqi Soldiers ran over to ask people who had been shooting at them, locals said they hadn't seen anything. I do it for a week and that is generally ib I put it in when I get home from the store and then next week when I put the next batch in I find it and thaw it out. They are doing everything their FBI bulletins say we as individual citizens should be reporting to police, including the bulk setting boundaries in dating of meals-ready-eat, ammunition, high capacity magazines, and firearms. The unity of purpose and friendship xomeone the United States and France, our partnership with the other nations of NATO, and a realization of the ceaseless aggression of Communism were the great factors leading to the agreement by which COM Z was finally established.
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